Focus is on the concepts of Montessori principles, such as the Absorbent Mind’, Sensitive Periods ’ and the ‘Human Tendencies’, which are the subconscious powers, which guide the child in his self-construction. Freedom: within a structured environment. The child is allowed to move around freely talking to other children and working with the equipment, which she/he chooses after demonstration of its use, by the teacher. However, she/he is not allowed to abuse the equipment or disturb other children, thereby limiting their freedom to work. Independence: the child’s natural need for independence is encouraged. Self-discipline:t his is gradually developed through freedom of movement and freedom ofchoice. Concentration: children are encouraged to concentrate by being introduced to materials at the right developmental level for them, and to complete each activity. Reality and Nature: the value of growing up in close contact with nature. Children need real objects rather than imitation playthings, which do not work. Beauty: the environment should be aesthetically pleasing, simple and clean. Social awareness: this is aided by placing children in ‘family’ or mixed age groups.
Order:both materials and the environment promote order. Children usually feel comfortable in an ordered classroom where they understand the routine. Respect: children have to be respected as being different from adults and as individuals who differ from each other. Sensitive periods: children have times in their lives when they are particularly attuned to certain types of learning. Co-operation with parents: schools are part of the local community; children learn most effectively when a partnership exists between the child, parent and teacher and she/he is allowed to do things by him/herself. Additionally, the curriculum includes the organization and administration of a new
Montessori House of Children’. It also deals with tackling various responsibilities involved while merging into an existent classroom and adapting to the children. It offers training in the technique of objective observation, material making, record maintenance, evaluation, parent orientation, and parent education, etc.